What Is The Best Wood For Archery Bows?


If you are looking to engage in a lively hobby or a challenging sport, taking part in field-based competitive sports is not the only option. We can pursue a wide range of activities after school timings or dreadful office hours to refresh a dull mind. Stemming from a historically rich background, archery is now considered a sport, hobby, and an essential part of body training. Some people do not consider archery an extreme sport like basketball or soccer, but it has multiple benefits if played regularly. Indulging in healthy and productive habits that involve stamina building, communication skills, mental focus, and creativity is not only beneficial in the realm of sports. Still, it can also assist in achieving success and fruitful outcomes in everyday life.

archery woman

Archery is defined as the art, talent, and skill of using a bow to shoot arrows. It has Latin roots as archery is derived from arcus meaning the bow. Historically, the significance of archery was only limited to hunting and combat, but nowadays, archery has a noticeable trend as a sport and hobby played by many enthusiasts. Many people enjoy it as a recreational or competitive sport where competitions are held locally and internationally to accommodate the best players. The archer uses the bow to direct arrows towards a target from noticeable distances during the game. The concept of archery requires mental focus, determination, precision, target accuracy, and stress. Professionals serious about archery train for countless hours, but even recreational archery poses health benefits. Whether preferred indoor or outdoors, archery improves social and competitive skills. It is mainly categorized as a stationary game regardless; it keeps you active, burns calories, and leaves you in a better state of mind.

Proper form and steady movements are the fundamentals of archery. It can be a logical challenge if the prerequisites render a few injuries as it is a non-contact sport. To be an ardent archer, the arms and shoulder muscles should be in a workable position to be strong enough to shoot towards the target. If the muscles are weak, we can adjust the bow’s draw according to the weight and comfort level. Archery is also adaptable, and the equipment is tailored to accommodate the archer’s needs. More minor build archers can shoot towards the target with a 15-pound mark, similar to another archer with 60. Archers can visit any range to shoot arrows and keep no commitment to competitive teams. Archery requires a steady arm as a slight movement can distract the trajectory making the shot off. The trajectory calculations and mental focus should be stable and firm. A sharp mental image and status can help achieve the target sooner and more efficiently.

What Is The Best Wood For Archery Bows?

The best wood for archery bows is maple and hickory because of the best durability and perfect flex snappiness needed for a recurve bow. It is noted that maple was used in the production of Asiatic recurve bows and used in the Ottoman Empire to construct their bows. Besides maple, other wood materials are considered great alternatives in bow making, such as hickory, bamboo, ash, or mulberry.

An archer’s bow needs to be strong and durable. Bows have been a craft by humans for hundreds of years, with different types of wood used to produce a bow. Not just any material can be used to make a bow. Before making a bow, other factors need to be considered: elasticity, strength, and stability.

archery wood

To select the wood used in making a bow, also consider what type of bow is being made, a traditional longbow or a composite bow? Yew is the top choice for the longbow fused in manufacturing the bow. Yew is one of the most famous types of wood. It is said to be the hardest of softwoods and has a high level of elasticity.

For composite bows, Maple was known to have been used. Maple has to be one of the well-known types of wood.

What Type Of Wood Is Best For A Bow?

The type of woods best for a bow are woods that are not considered weak. These types of wood include pine, spruce, fir, and cedar. In bow making, consider the strongest type of wood. Here are some examples;

  • Osage Orange
  • Bamboo
  • Red Oak
  • Hickory
  • Birch
  • Ipe
  • Eastern Red cedar
  • Plum
  • Dogwood.

What Type Of Wood Are Longbows Made From?

Longbows are made from Yew. Yew is the wood used in making longbows for over hundreds of years. Yew has been used for longbow production because it is good wood for the back and belly of the bow. Yew has high tensile strength, meaning it has maximum stretching force. This was efficient for making quality longbows.

As said earlier, the longbows are tall bows nearly reaching 6 feet. A  bow of that height needed can be very strong and reliable, but other properties were added. Some included ash, hazel, and elm. And the wood of the longbow was finished with a rub of wax, resin, and tine tallow.

The tools and equipment needed for archery are close to none, but the bows required should be of exceptional quality for a successful attempt. Previously, the Egyptians manufactured some high-quality woods from wood, animal horn, and glue. Archery bows present a challenge in finding the appropriate and best wood. The archer bow’s wood will not be able to break but bend if it is of top-notch quality. However, there is no measurement or determinant to ensure the durability and resistance of wood. It depends on two factors: elasticity and rupture. If the wood has an increased number of elastic elements, I’ll show exceptional bending qualities. The higher the number of modules of elasticity, the stiff the wood will be. Similarly, the modulus of rupture depends on how easily the wood will break. The higher the number, the more difficult it will be to break the wood.

Yew was the ultimate type of wood that was widely used to manufacture archer bows. Presently, the manufacturers have numerous options based on the elasticity and rupture concept. Currently, there are hickory, mulberry, walnut, ash, cherry, and hickory, along with exotic woods such as basswood, yucca, osage orange, lemonwood, blackwood, and ironwood available on the market. Despite the availability of countless types of woods, the most preferred and common type of wood used for archery bows is maple. Elasticity and rupture are not the only determinants for bow manufacturing. The manufacturers also have to consider the overall design and construction process of the bows, which directly influences the choice of wood. Historically, archery bows were made from yew in addition to animal horns, sinew, and glue for the rest of the bow parts. Composite wooden bows, which use various materials, use an amalgamation of wooden types to manufacture different parts of the bows, such as rise limbs and grip.

Maple is widely acknowledged by archery bows manufactured as they have resilient physical characteristics and benefits. The wood is flexible that can tolerate the bending process and strain given to it during every shot. Maple is a complex, dense grain with straight grain instead of the other cheap types of wood, easily cut and regulated during the bow manufacturing activity. Bows can also be manufactured from aluminum and synthetic materials, as wood has certain limitations and shortcomings. Wood is likely to transition and mold the shape due to excessive heat or temperature changes.
Similarly, wood loses its resilience due to environmental influences as well. If the limbs break, substitution is difficult, especially if the wood is involved. Due to this reason, maple is still considered the top choice because of the absence of knots or twisty grain patterns.

The advancement in technology has increased understanding and the general know-how of all of the materials and physics involved in the manufacturing of archery bows. Recurve and compound bows are currently used for hunting and even for recreational sports as well. Both of these bows work on different principles of pulleys and cams. Recurve bows are also manufactured from fiberglass or carbon, making them extremely lightweight and convenient. Using fiberglass or carbon, recurve bows exhibit more robust characteristics than words. Compound bows are usually made from carbon or aluminum.

Archery is a relaxing game that we can play in a stress-free environment. It grants patience, teaches self-control, confidence, and coordination, and provides strength.

Recent Posts